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The world's oldest library

English
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A man reads a manuscript on astronomy by renowned tenth century Muslim philosopher Al-Farabi, at the al-Qarawyin Library. Manuscript room.
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Nestled in a labyrinth of streets in the heart of Morocco’s ancient city of Fez stands the world’s oldest working library.Its sculpted dark wooden door stands almost hidden on the edge of a square where artisans hammer away at copper in a deafening din, delighting passing tourists.But for the few lucky enough to be allowed behind the door, a staircase tiled with green and blue hints at the written wonders beyond.As early writings from the Arabic-speaking world have come under increasing threat from conflicts, the Qarawiyyin library is home to priceless treatises in Islamic studies, astronomy and medicine.Last year the Islamic State group burned thousands of rare manuscripts at the Mosul library in Iraq, and in 2013 radicals torched count...
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HISTORY Vault: Vikings

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For several decades, they confined themselves to hit-and-run raids against coastal targets in the British Isles and Europe, but by the mid-ninth century, ...
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Beginning around 800 A.D., seafaring warriors–known collectively as Vikings or Norsemen (“Northmen”)–left their Scandinavian homelands to seek their fortunes elsewhere. While the exact reasons for Vikings venturing out from their homeland are uncertain; some have suggested it was due to overpopulation, but the earliest Vikings were looking for riches, not land. Over the next three centuries, they would leave their mark as pirates, raiders, traders and settlers on Britain and the European continent, as well as parts of modern-day Russia, Iceland, Greenland and Newfoundland. This week, we are setting sail to explore the history of the Vikings. The beginning of the Viking Age is marked by an attack in 793 A.D. on the Lindisfarne monastery o...
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Radiocarbon Dating Verifies the Oldest Monastic Cemetery in the UK

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Archeologists working at the monastery and adjacent graveyard at Beckery Chapel, near Glastonbury, have determined the monks were buried there ...
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Archeologists working at the monastery and adjacent graveyard at Beckery Chapel, near Glastonbury, have determined the monks were buried there more than 1,400 years ago, making Beckery the oldest monastery on record in the UK. The chapel was originally discovered during the 1880s, and was later excavated further in the 1960s. The cemetery contained around 50 skeletons, all but three of which were adult men, suggesting it served the monastery. Of the remaining three skeletons, one belonged to a woman, believed to be either a nun or house staff, and the last two were juvenile males, probably novices. The Chapel is named for St. Brigid (453-524 CE), an Irish nun believed to have established several monasteries in Ireland. According to writi...
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The World's Most Mysterious Book

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It's a 16th-century forgery of a 15th-century cipher. It's a transliterated text originally in Manchu, an endangered language spoken in northeast China.
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In 1665, at the age of 63, the Jesuit scholar Athanasius Kircher appeared to know everything. He had written some 20 books and had several others under way. If you wanted to learn about magnetism, or the history of China, or Noah’s Ark, or optics, or music theory, or herbal remedies, or the nature of fossils, or how to create a universal language, Kircher was your man. People from all over the world—popes, kings, dukes, diplomats, merchants, mathematicians, Jesuits—wrote to him week after week asking for information, reporting news, sharing discoveries. Among them was Jan Marek Marci, a physician from Bohemia who,...
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Medieval times, the Renaissance, and Shakespeare

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Their collaboration led to additional seminars and several offerings of their course, The Book in the 15th Century, in which students learn about book ...
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Todd White assisted with a printing workshop earlier this fall. The College of St. Scholastica hosted a variety of events this fall celebrating the Medieval and Renaissance time periods, as well as the works of William Shakespeare, coinciding with the 400th anniversary of his death. The College hosted the Medieval Association of the Midwest for its 32nd Annual Conference for two days in October. Thirty-eight scholars presented their research. Also that month, St. Scholastica hosted a Renaissance bookmaking workshop attended by more than 50 people. William Hodapp, English professor, and Todd White, reference/digital resources librarian, presented "Making Shakespeare's Books: A Printing Workshop." Attendees handled type, examined tools of ...
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Scientists reconstruct face of Scotland king Robert the Bruce and find he ruled while suffering from ...

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For years, historians have argued about whether the 14th century Scottish king was infected with the disease, with some believing there was a ...
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Robert the Bruce really did suffer from leprosy, scientists have concluded after reconstructing his face.For years, historians have argued about whether the 14th century Scottish king was infected with the disease, with some believing there was a medieval cover-up so he would not have to relinquish the throne, while others suggest he was the victim of a smear campaign.Recently, experts at the Robert The Bruce Heritage Centre said it would have been impossible for him to attend mass, hold court, or drink from his local well — all of which he did — if he had suffered from the illness.But a new project to reconstruct his face by the University of Glasgow and Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU) has found that his skull shows the telltale...
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Deux ans de restauration pour le Prieuré royal Saint-Louis

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Two years of restoration for the Priory royal St. Louis
French
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L'imposant monument, construit au XIVe siècle sur le lieu de naissance de Saint-Louis, fut l'un des monastères les plus importants de France entre la ...
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The imposing monument, built in the 14th century on the place of birth of St. Louis, was one of the monasteries most important of France between the...
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Le Prieuré royal Saint-Louis, qui accueille notamment le Musée du jouet, fait peau neuve. Si une partie de l’enceinte située rue de la Tournelle a récemment été refaite, des travaux de rénovation de la porterie, qui servait d’entrée au monastère, vont commencer dans les prochaines semaines. Ces travaux ont entraîné en juin dernier la fermeture du Musée du jouet, situé dans la porterie, pour une durée de deux ans (voir encadré). L’imposant monument, construit au XIVe siècle sur le lieu de naissance de Saint-Louis, fut l’un des monastères les plus importants de France entre la fin du Moyen Âge et la Révolution. Une grande partie du lieu fut démolie après la Révolution, et seules subsistent la porterie et l’enceinte de l’édifice. La porteri...
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Les mots restent faibles face aux images de Jérôme Bosch

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The words remain low in the face of the images of Jérôme Bosch
French
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Commandé à Jérôme Bosch au début du XVe siècle pour nourrir à Bruxelles des conversations entre les élites du duché de Bourgogne et les ducs de ...
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Ordered to Jérôme Bosch at the beginning of the 15th century to feed in Brussels of the conversations between the elites of the Duchy of Burgundy and the Dukes of...
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Pour l’écrivaine brésilienne Nélida Pinon, il faudrait inventer des mots pour bien parler des tableaux de Jérôme Bosch, en particulier de ce Jardin des délices, si foisonnant de scènes, d’animaux, de fruits et d’objets intriguants, animés ou inanimés. Le triptyque est plus le personnage principal que le sujet du documentaire de José Luis Lopez-Linares, coproduit par le musée du Prado en marge de la rétrospective organisée pour le demi-millénaire de la mort de Bosch. L’œuvre le mérite bien, susceptible de tant d’effets sur tant de gens, à travers les siècles et les cultures.Nélida Pinon fait partie de la vingtaine de visiteurs d’exception qui ont eu le privilège de se voir ouvrir le Prado la nuit pour balader leur regard dans ce jardin in...
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Majestic 13th century Irish pub on sale in the Yorkshire Dales – and it comes with its own waterfall

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The Green Dragon Inn in Hardraw [Picture: Mark Thompson] A PICTURESQUE pub set on land featuring England's highest single drop waterfall is on ...
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The Green Dragon Inn in Hardraw [Picture: Mark Thompson]A PICTURESQUE pub set on land featuring England’s highest single drop waterfall is on the market in the Yorkshire Dales. The majestic 13th century Green Dragon Inn comes with a hefty £1.5million price tag. The pub, along with 5.5 hectares of parkland, a campsite, visitor centre and the Hardraw Force waterfall, were put up for sale by the site’s owner Mark Thompson. Table dance – enthusiastic host and Kerryman Mark ThompsonMr Thompson is of Irish heritage and lived for a time in the 1990s in Killorglin in Co. Kerry, where he is still known. His property’s incredible waterfall played host to a nude Kevin Costner in the 1991 blockbuster Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves. The now famous sce...
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Was die Wissenschaft über die Musik zu Zeiten Karls IV. weiß Der Kaiser ließ improvisieren

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Improvise what White the emperor made the science about the music at times Charles IV.
German
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Der geistliche Mittelpunkt Böhmens war seit dem 10. Jahrhundert der Prager Veitsdom mit der Kapelle des heiligen Wenzel, die Krönungskirche und ...
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The spiritual center of Bohemia was the Prague St. Vitus Cathedral with the chapel of St. Wenceslas, the coronation church since the 10th century and...
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Kaiser Karl IV. gilt nicht als großer Musikliebhaber. Er verwirklichte sich eher in Palästen und Kirchenbauten. Dennoch erklang Musik an seinem Hof ebenso wie in den damaligen Kirchen. Was sich 700 Jahre später darüber noch herausfinden lässt, zeigte Armin Schmid mit einem faszinierenden Vortrag in der Synagoge.Der geistliche Mittelpunkt Böhmens war seit dem 10. Jahrhundert der Prager Veitsdom mit der Kapelle des heiligen Wenzel, die Krönungskirche und Grablege der böhmischen Könige. Der Bau der heutigen gotischen Kathedrale wurde 1344 begonnen, aber schon nach etwa 50 Jahren wieder eingestellt, als erst der Chor und der Hauptturm fertig waren. Die Gottesdienste für das Volk fanden jahrhundertelang unter einem hölzernen Notdach statt, bi...
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